Vyšehrad, connected with many myths and legends of the Bohemian nation, was the seat of the mythical Přemyslids. Its members were ancestors of later Czech kings.
According to the legend, Vyšehrad was the residence of the first Czech rulers. In the complex there is located the oldest rotunda in Prague, dedicated to St Martin.
The time of the greatest glory of Vyšehrad came in the 10th and 11th century. Then the Czech kings transferred their seat to the Prague Castle.
The most visible part of the complex is the Basilica of St Peter and St Paul in the neo-Gothic style. It was founded as the Romanesque basilica in 1070-1080, but after a fire it was rebuilt in Gothic and later in neo-Gothic style. The basilica is decorated with an impressive stone mosaic above its entry and its interior is beautifully decorated with ornamental Secession paitings.
In Slavín Cemetery at Vyšehrad are burried over 600 famous Czech people - composers Antonín Dvořák and Bedřich Smetana, the opera singer Emma Destinnová or the conductor Rafael Kubelík. Access to the cemetery is free of charge.