In 1249, the House of Liechtenstein acquired a castle in Lednice, which marked the beginning of their settlement in the area. It would remain the Liechtensteins' principal residence until 1939. At the end of the 18th century, the Liechtenstein family began to create a unique manmade landscape complex: The Lednice – Valtice Area. During the 19th century, the Liechtenstein family continued transforming the area, which has since been called the "Garden of Europe", into a large landscape park with two centres - Lednice Chateau and Valtice Chateau.
The jewel in the crown of Valtice is its massive Baroque chateau. Situated in the centre of a tradition wine region, the chateau was built in stages by thirteen princes and in the 18th century the residence, with its furnishings, collections and rich inventory competed with Imperial court in Vienna itself.
The vast cour d’honneur, chateau interiors and extensive cellars, home to the Wine Salon of the Czech Republic, home to a permanent tasting exhibition of the best wines of Bohemia and Moravia, are all worth a look. Visitors might also enjoy a walk through the vast chateau grounds, containing the remains of a Baroque theatre, wine cellars dating back centuries and a herb garden.
The Lednice-Valtice Area is registered in the list of monuments protected as World Heritage by UNESCO next to another site – Pálava Landscape Protected Area, registered by UNESCO only a few years prior to the nearby Pálava Biosphere Reserve. Such close proximity of two landscape systems protected by UNESCO is world-unique.