The Prague Castle is the biggest castle complex in the world. It was founded in 9th century and it is undoubtedly the dominant of Prague. It was the seat of Czech kings and today there is the official residence of the President of the Czech Republic.
The castle complex is a mix of architectural styles of the last millennium. Between the most famous parts belongs the Gothic St Vitus Cathedral, Romanesque Basilica of St. George, Renaissance Spanish hall, but there is also a monastery, palaces, gardens and towers and several museums (the part of the National Gallery collection, exhibition about Czech history, Toy Museum and the picture gallery of Prague Castle).
It´s a place with strong history background. The heart of the castle complex is the monumental St. Vitus Cathedral, where the Bohemian crown jewels are kept.
It took almost 10 centuries to build the cathedral which is dedicated to St. Vitus, one of the Czech patrons. It stands on the site of the rotunda and basilica of St Vitus, founded by Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia. The foundations of today’s cathedral were laid in 1344 by the Bohemian King and Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV, who was inspired by the monumental France cathedrals. The construction was completed in 1929.
The cathedral is a great example of Gothic architecture. It is the biggest and most important church in the country. Within the cathedral are tombs of many Czech kings and Holy Roman Emperors and also the tomb of St Wenceslaus (in the splendid chapel). The cathedral windows were richly decorated by famous Czech painters in the 1920s.