In the 5th and 6th century many Slavonic tribes lived here, and the tribe of Pšovans created its main settlement in Mělník. Saint Ludmila (the grandmother of the Saint Wenceslas), who married the Bohemian prince Bořivoj, belonged to this tribe. Coins of the princess Emma are the first demonstration of the existence of Mělník. In November 1274 Mělník gained the statute of town from king Ottokar II of Bohemia and later became a dowry town belonging to queens of Bohemia.
You can begin your stay in Mělník by walking around the square lined with beautiful arcaded buildings. Your gaze will certainly gravitate to the town hall and the adjacent former Capuchin monastery. If you like mysterious spaces with a special energy, you can descend into the medieval Mělník underground with the widest well in the Czech Republic. You can walk down Svatováclavská ulice (St. Wenceslas Street) to the Mělník Chateau and the dominant feature of the city, the beautifully decorated Cathedral of SS Peter and Paul, in whose crypt you can visit one of the largest ossuaries in the country, containing the remains of up to 15,000 people.
Be sure to take a tour of the chateau. Not only will you see the rich collections of the Lobkowicz family but in its cellars you will also have a unique opportunity to sample the chateau wines from one of only two wine-growing regions in Bohemia. From the chateau restaurant you will have a magnificent view of the confluence of the Elbe and Vltava rivers, the St. Ludmila Vineyard, the majestic Říp Mountain and the volcanic peaks of the Central Bohemian Highlands.
Originally a wooden castle, which was replaced by a stone settlement at the end of the 10th century. The castle underwent extensive Gothic reconstruction. In the 16th century it went through a fundamental transformation into a Renaissance chateau. In the 17th century it became the property of the Černín family, which conducted Early-Gothic renovation and gave the chateau its characteristic look. The chateau has been in the ownership of the Lobkowicz family since 1753.