Kutná Hora is, "the city of silver", a true gem of the country. It existed already at the beginning of the boom of the Czech Kingdom. There are unique buildings from various historical periods. The city is also known for its long tradition of wine making. Kutná Hora, the city hidding a splendid historical centre with the Cathedral of St. Barbara and Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, has been written on the UNESCO list of world heritage.
The major expansion of the city can be dated back around the year 1300 when King Wenceslas II issued the new royal mining code IUS REGALE MONTANORUM, a legal document that specified administrative and technical terms and conditions needed for the mine operation. The city exloited many privileges granted by kings of Luxembourg dynasty. The city became soon the second most important town of the Czech Kkingdom.
After 1300 Kutná Hora became the seat of the central mint of the Czech Kingdom. Rich silver mines contributed to the rise of the Czech Kingdom and Kutná Hora became the financial centre of the country.
The Cathedral of St. Barbara
The city built in high and late Gothic style was the symbol of its importance. The cathedral is dedicated to St. Barbara - the patron of miners. The monumental cathedral is the work of Matyáš Rejsek and Benedikt Ried, the architects who worked for the royal family at the Prague Castle. The interior is stunning: late Gothic and Renaissance paintings depicting the mining history of the city, elegant pillars and the atmosphere that could be compared only with the interior of St. Vitus cathedral in Prague.
The Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary
The cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary is known also as the Cathedral of Light. The space is illuminated by large windows that were unprecedented in the Czech Kingdom at their time. Its architecture is characterized by Cistercian emphasis on space and poverty and the Gothic majesty. The originally Gothic church was burned to the ground in the 15th century and was transformed into a cathedral in the style of the Baroque Gothic.
The Wallachian Court
The Wallachian Court located in the cetre of the city used to be the seat of the royal mint. The term "Wallachian" refers to the Italian master-misters invited here in the 14th century to help with developing of coinage.